The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2007) concluded in its Fourth Assessment Report that "there is high confidence that recent regional changes in temperature have had discernible impacts on many physical and biological systems" and that "confidence has increased that some weather events and extremes will become more frequent, more widespread and/or more intense during the 21st century" which more and more influence our economic activities.
As a climate sensitive sector, tourism might be highly affected by global climate change due to changes of temperatures, precipitation, intensity and frequency of extreme weather events such as flooding and drought, etc.
The NDT in partnership with the Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and GIZ acknowledged this challenge and partnered to develop a Baseline Assessment Report that looked at the vulnerability and impact of Climate Change on major tourism Attractions and Activities in South Africa. They further developed a Basic Guideline for Vulnerability Assessment. The guideline is intended to provide a basic assessment of a tourism attraction’s vulnerability to the impact of climate change. The assessment assists the attraction to identify threats and opportunities posed by climate change on their operation in order to build resilience and adaptive capacity.