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127897The Influence of Filmic Representations on Narratives of Place and Tourist Destination Image: Johannesburg, South AfricaJohannes Hermanus Engelbrecht2022The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of popular media representations, specifically film and television, on narratives of place and tourist destination image. The argument is based on the premise that popular media representations of potential tourist destinations, through wide dissemination and use, construct and sustain specific expectations and perceptions in potential tourists. This may ultimately influence motivational indicators for travel to or deterrents from travel to a specific destination. The dissertation reflects on various aspects in films, at destinations, and inherent to audiences that can have an influence on location filming, film tourism and filmic destination marketing. It further explores certain infrastructural arrangements that make location filming, film tourism and filmic destination possible. These aspects are first examined through international examples, then related to a South African context and finally to specific filmic representations of Johannesburg in the Marvel Cinematic Universe and by Director Neill Blomkamp between 2009 and 2018.University of PretoriaDissertationN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-1052022/07/14 17:40:53THE INFLUENCE OF FILMIC REPRESENTATIONS ON NARRATIVES OF PLACE AND TOURIST DESTINATION IMAGE: JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA Submitted as requirement for the degree http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
127898The Role of Tourism in Local Debates on Contested Heritage: A Case Study of Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, South AfricaNhlanhla Lucky Nkobi2022From the advent of democracy in South Africa, colonial and apartheid-era heritage has been a source of on-going robust debates as this nation state grapples with the question of national identity and collective remembrance. In line with the Constitution‟s aspiration for a South African society that is “united in diversity”, the democratic government has been adamant that the question of national identity must be tackled within the ambit of “reconciliation”, “social cohesion” and “nation-building”. Drawing on the case study of Durban in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa, this investigation highlights the evolution of the meaning of contested heritage from the colonial period, through the apartheid era, up until the democratic dispensation.University of PretoriaDissertationN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-1062022/07/20 12:23:30THE ROLE OF TOURISM IN LOCAL DEBATES ON CONTESTED HERITAGE: A CASE STUDY OF DURBAN, KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA Submitted as requirement for the degree To all of those who have http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128058Enabling small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMEs) survival and growth during post covid-192022The interim report provides the context of the study focusing on enabling small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMEs) survival and growth during and post the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that has had devastating impacts on SMMEs that have high levels of vulnerabilities associated with the lack of resources and capacity to respond to disruptions. The aim, objectives and research questions are presented. In relation to the rationale and purpose of the research, the importance of SMMEs generally and tourism SMMEs in the South African context is highlighted. Specifically, SMMEs are deemed to be critical to driving entrepreneurship and innovation, economic development and job creation. Supporting tourism SMMEs to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic is not only important for socio-economic development, but is central to ensuring that the tourism sector is on pathways to recovery, sustainability and future resiliency.University of KwaZulu-NatalReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-97http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/UKZN_%20enabling%20SMME%20survival%20and%20growth%20during%20_post%20COVID19.pdf?csf=1&e=gbgHR9Presentation2022/06/20 11:01:30FINAL REPORT ENABLING SMALL, MEDIUM AND MICRO ENTERPRISES (SMMES) SURVIVAL AND GROWTH DURING/ POST COVID-19 DEFINITIONS Entrepreneurship: setting up a business or businesses http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128059Transformation of the south African tourism value chain towards sustainable and resource efficient and inclusive growth post covid-192022The COVID-19 global pandemic has caused unprecedented socio-economic impacts and, at the same time, raised awareness of the role social and environmental sustainability need to play in our everyday life and economic activities. Despite the significant negative impacts of the pandemic on tourism in South Africa, the crisis provides an opportunity to transform tourism value chains towards responsible consumption and production needed for a sustainable and inclusive recovery of the sector.Council for Scientific and Industrial ResearchReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-96http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/CSIR_Transformation%20of%20the%20South%20African%20tourism%20value%20chain%20toward%20sustainable,%20resource%20effecient%20and%20inclusive%20growth%20path.pdf?csf=1&e=B9wGltPresentation2022/06/22 06:15:14i FINAL REPORT TRANSFORMATION OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM VALUE CHAIN TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AND RESOURCE EFFICIENT AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH POST COVID-19 ii TABLE http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128061South african tourism sector demand and supply towards post covid-19 resilience2022Tourism is widely considered to be a viable vector for sustainable socio-economic development on the African continent due to the integrative nature of its value chain (forward and backward linkages with suppliers and service providers), as well as economic multiplier effect (tourism receipts, export products, employment creation, local economic development) (Matiza & Slabbert, 2019). However, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic-induced moratorium on international travel, tourism demand is expected to contract by up to 75% in 2020 (Ruiz-Estrada, Park & Lee, 2020). According to the World Tourism Organisation globally tourism contracted with 73% in 2020 and 72% in 2021 (UNWTO, 2022). Arrivals to Africa contracted by 69% in 2020 and 74% in 2021. The result was the same for South Africa where arrivals contracted by 73% in 2020 and 78% in 2021 (UNWTO). The discovery of the new COVID-19 variant, Omicron, disrupted global travel again in 2021. As a result, a significant proportion of tourism destination countries focused on pivoting from international tourism toward domestic tourism as a strategy to resuscitate the tourism market (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD - 2020). However, in South Africa, the over-reliance on international tourists for many years added pressure to the industry but also a recognition of the importance of domestic tourists that should be the backbone of the industryNorth-West University;University of VendaReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-100http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/South%20African%20tourism%20sector%20demand%20and%20supply-towards%20post-COVID-19%20resilience.pdf?csf=1&e=xuzEPHPresentation2022/06/20 10:51:28FINAL REPORT SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM SECTOR DEMAND AND SUPPLYTOWARDS POST- COVID-19 RESILIENCE ABBREVIATIONS GDP Gross Domestic Product SADC Southern African Development http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128062Stimulating sector demand and supply through niche tourism development the case of rural tourism in selected provinces2022The COVID-19 pandemic is catalysing changes in consumer demands as well as necessitating a paradigm shift for research on tourist behaviour and decision making. Demand is intensifying for safe spaces where social distancing is possible. The large group movement of people, and therefore the phenomenon of ‘mass tourism’, has been severely compromised as it imposes great health risks with travellers vulnerable to health hazards and points to opportunities in alternative niche forms of tourism. As a result of risk perceptions surrounding COVID-19, the tourism sector is projected to see an expansion in various forms of special interest or ‘niche travel’ which is driven primarily by the confidence of travelling in smaller groups and a less risk-prone environment Arguably in the ‘new normal’ of a post-COVID-19 world consumers re-orient away from mass tourism experiences and instead search out what are termed as ‘niche tourism’ products and experiences. South Africa's diverse landscapes, rich natural and cultural heritage, and traditional knowledge can lay a breeding ground for the promotion of alternative tourism within the country. Indeed, niche tourism can play an ever more vital role in South Africa and is an opportunity to investigate tourism offerings in which smaller-scale, controlled and operated niche products can be established to satisfy the changing demands and needs of consumers. The pandemic further underlines the importance of developing interventions that are targeted to the requirements of specific niches. Research is therefore necessary to inform interventions that should consider the changing supply-demand situations of particular niches during and post COVID-19. Within the competitive world of tourism similarity is the enemy and niche products are a way to escape sameness. This points to the necessity for investigating supply and demand issues around different forms of niche tourism.University of JohannesburgReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-101http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/Stimulating%20sector%20demand%20and%20supply%20through%20niche%20tourism%20development-%20the%20case%20of%20rural%20tourism%20in%20selected%20provinces.pdf?csf=1&e=2QnchYPresentation2022/06/20 10:00:07FINAL REPORT STIMULATING SECTOR DEMAND AND SUPPLY THROUGH NICHE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF RURAL TOURISM IN SELECTED PROVINCES ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The COVID-19 http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128082Re-examining perspectives on the recovery of South Africa’s domestic tourism in a COVID- environment2022The report provides the context of the study, stipulating the aim, objectives and research questions. In relation to the rationale and purpose of the research, the importance of domestic tourism globally and in South Africa specifically is highlighted. Furthermore, domestic tourism’s role in the tourism sector’s recovery post the devastating impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic is underscored. The theoretical/ conceptual framework that informs the research is the sustainable tourism development approach, embedded in an ecosystem-based operational model, that permits an examination of complex systems and phenomena (such as tourism) that have multi-dimensional aspects and impacts influenced by environmental, political, economic, and social factors.University of KwaZulu-NatalReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-102http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/UKZN%20Re-examining%20perspective%20on%20recovery%20of%20South%20Africa%27s%20domestic%20Tourism%20ina%20COVID19%20environment.pdf?csf=1&e=h6aOZkPresentation2022/06/24 13:02:55Resilience: the ability/ capacity to adapt to changes as well as recover from or deal with challenges, difficulties and risks Sustainability: is a complex phenomenon of engaging in http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128083Re-modelling the Local Domestic Tourism Market in South Africa within a COVID-19 Environment2022The novel coronavirus pandemic of the year 2019 (COVID-19) may be considered as the most significant disruptive event for human travel since the Second World War. The worldwide viral outbreak brought the modern global order, and travel as we know it, to a complete standstill. There is much evidence that the impact and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic will be unprecedented, and that this recovery will be both different and transformative for the collective tourism industry. This especially from a product (supply) point of view given the renewed attempts to increase tourists (demand) to destinations, attractions and sites given the prevailing COVID-19 rules and restrictions imposed throughout both the global North as well as the global South. While it is difficult to speculate at this stage what precisely the aftermath of COVID-19 will be on the travel industry, at a local, regional, national, continental and international level, even more than before, governments, private authorities, grassroots communities as well as non-governmental stakeholders need to reconsider the shape and form of the tourism product in order to revive this ailing industry.University of PretoriaReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-103http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/UP_Remodelling%20the%20local%20domesic%20tourism%20market%20in%20SA.pdf?csf=1&e=OQhIOMPresentation2022/06/22 06:33:24FINAL REPORT REMODELLING THE LOCAL DOMESTIC TOURISM MARKET IN SOUTH AFRICA WITHIN A COVID-19 ENVIRONMENT i TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE Executive summary http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128131A Gender Analysis of Restaurant Employee Profiles and Perceptions in South AfricaSandile Padayachee Mzolo2022The restaurant industry is highly variable and responsive to customer demands and changes. It is a major industry that contributes to economic development and job creation. There is increasing focus on restaurant employees with limited focus on gender aspects which include wage gaps, occupational segregation, advancement opportunities and working conditions that apply to the tourism and hospitality sector more generally. It is in this context that the study undertakes an analysis of restaurant employee profiles and perceptions in South Africa to better understand employee trends and practices from a gender perspective. Employee surveys were conducted at 402 restaurants in selected South African cities (Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg representing cities in South Africa with the largest number of restaurants and Pietermaritzburg and Polokwane representing cities with lower numbers of restaurants) as part of a National Department of Tourism funded study was subjected to a gendered analysis. In total, 1 869 surveys were completed at the 402 purposively selected restaurantsUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDissertationN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-1042022/08/21 18:12:41A GENDER ANALYSIS OF RESTAURANT EMPLOYEE PROFILES AND PERCEPTIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA Submitted in fulfilment of the academic requirements for the degree of Master of Science in http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
137208The Impact of Covid-19 on the Tourism-transport Interface in South AfricaProf Berendien Lubbe Dr Joachim Vermooten2021The overall aim of the study is to explore the impact of COVID-19 on the Tourism-Transport Interface in South Africa with a view to proposing a scenario where this relationship might create opportunities for tourism to prosper post COVID-19. The research followed a three-step process beginning with a systematic description, based on literature and secondary data, of the overall tourism/transport interface and the modes of transport, with particular reference to air and road transport. Thereafter interviews with senior stakeholders in the airline, bus/coach and car rental industries were conducted. The third step in the research method was to conduct scenario planning workshops with leaders in the aviation (completed), car rental (completed) and coach/bus travel (pending) sectors. While history has had a strong influence on modal choice for tourism purposes in South Africa, current pre-COVID challenges in the transport sector such as consumer behavior, transport policies and regulations, infrastructure and resource limitations are affecting international, regional and domestic tourism.University of PretoriaReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-5http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/The%20Impact%20of%20COVID-19%20on%20the%20Tourism-Transport%20Interface%20in%20South%20Africa.pptxPresentation2021/05/17 12:36:38THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE TOURISMTRANSPORT INTERFACE IN SOUTH AFRICA The research project focusses on the interface between tourism and transport, with specific reference to http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf