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128058Enabling small, medium and micro enterprises (smmes) survival and growth during post covid-192022The interim report provides the context of the study focusing on enabling small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMEs) survival and growth during and post the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that has had devastating impacts on SMMEs that have high levels of vulnerabilities associated with the lack of resources and capacity to respond to disruptions. The aim, objectives and research questions are presented. In relation to the rationale and purpose of the research, the importance of SMMEs generally and tourism SMMEs in the South African context is highlighted. Specifically, SMMEs are deemed to be critical to driving entrepreneurship and innovation, economic development and job creation. Supporting tourism SMMEs to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic is not only important for socio-economic development, but is central to ensuring that the tourism sector is on pathways to recovery, sustainability and future resiliency.ReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-972022/06/20 11:01:30FINAL REPORT ENABLING SMALL, MEDIUM AND MICRO ENTERPRISES (SMMES) SURVIVAL AND GROWTH DURING/ POST COVID-19 DEFINITIONS Entrepreneurship: setting up a business or businesses http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128059Transformation of the south African tourism value chain towards sustainable and resource efficient and inclusive growth post covid-192022The COVID-19 global pandemic has caused unprecedented socio-economic impacts and, at the same time, raised awareness of the role social and environmental sustainability need to play in our everyday life and economic activities. Despite the significant negative impacts of the pandemic on tourism in South Africa, the crisis provides an opportunity to transform tourism value chains towards responsible consumption and production needed for a sustainable and inclusive recovery of the sector.ReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-962022/06/22 06:15:14i FINAL REPORT TRANSFORMATION OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM VALUE CHAIN TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AND RESOURCE EFFICIENT AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH POST COVID-19 ii TABLE http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128061South african tourism sector demand and supply towards post covid-19 resilience2022Tourism is widely considered to be a viable vector for sustainable socio-economic development on the African continent due to the integrative nature of its value chain (forward and backward linkages with suppliers and service providers), as well as economic multiplier effect (tourism receipts, export products, employment creation, local economic development) (Matiza & Slabbert, 2019). However, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic-induced moratorium on international travel, tourism demand is expected to contract by up to 75% in 2020 (Ruiz-Estrada, Park & Lee, 2020). According to the World Tourism Organisation globally tourism contracted with 73% in 2020 and 72% in 2021 (UNWTO, 2022). Arrivals to Africa contracted by 69% in 2020 and 74% in 2021. The result was the same for South Africa where arrivals contracted by 73% in 2020 and 78% in 2021 (UNWTO). The discovery of the new COVID-19 variant, Omicron, disrupted global travel again in 2021. As a result, a significant proportion of tourism destination countries focused on pivoting from international tourism toward domestic tourism as a strategy to resuscitate the tourism market (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD - 2020). However, in South Africa, the over-reliance on international tourists for many years added pressure to the industry but also a recognition of the importance of domestic tourists that should be the backbone of the industryReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-1002022/06/20 10:51:28FINAL REPORT SOUTH AFRICAN TOURISM SECTOR DEMAND AND SUPPLYTOWARDS POST- COVID-19 RESILIENCE ABBREVIATIONS GDP Gross Domestic Product SADC Southern African Development http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128062Stimulating sector demand and supply through niche tourism development the case of rural tourism in selected provinces2022The COVID-19 pandemic is catalysing changes in consumer demands as well as necessitating a paradigm shift for research on tourist behaviour and decision making. Demand is intensifying for safe spaces where social distancing is possible. The large group movement of people, and therefore the phenomenon of ‘mass tourism’, has been severely compromised as it imposes great health risks with travellers vulnerable to health hazards and points to opportunities in alternative niche forms of tourism. As a result of risk perceptions surrounding COVID-19, the tourism sector is projected to see an expansion in various forms of special interest or ‘niche travel’ which is driven primarily by the confidence of travelling in smaller groups and a less risk-prone environment Arguably in the ‘new normal’ of a post-COVID-19 world consumers re-orient away from mass tourism experiences and instead search out what are termed as ‘niche tourism’ products and experiences. South Africa's diverse landscapes, rich natural and cultural heritage, and traditional knowledge can lay a breeding ground for the promotion of alternative tourism within the country. Indeed, niche tourism can play an ever more vital role in South Africa and is an opportunity to investigate tourism offerings in which smaller-scale, controlled and operated niche products can be established to satisfy the changing demands and needs of consumers. The pandemic further underlines the importance of developing interventions that are targeted to the requirements of specific niches. Research is therefore necessary to inform interventions that should consider the changing supply-demand situations of particular niches during and post COVID-19. Within the competitive world of tourism similarity is the enemy and niche products are a way to escape sameness. This points to the necessity for investigating supply and demand issues around different forms of niche tourism.ReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-1012022/06/20 10:00:07FINAL REPORT STIMULATING SECTOR DEMAND AND SUPPLY THROUGH NICHE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF RURAL TOURISM IN SELECTED PROVINCES ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The COVID-19 http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128082Re-examining perspectives on the recovery of South Africa’s domestic tourism in a COVID- environment2022The report provides the context of the study, stipulating the aim, objectives and research questions. In relation to the rationale and purpose of the research, the importance of domestic tourism globally and in South Africa specifically is highlighted. Furthermore, domestic tourism’s role in the tourism sector’s recovery post the devastating impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic is underscored. The theoretical/ conceptual framework that informs the research is the sustainable tourism development approach, embedded in an ecosystem-based operational model, that permits an examination of complex systems and phenomena (such as tourism) that have multi-dimensional aspects and impacts influenced by environmental, political, economic, and social factors.ReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-1022022/06/24 13:02:55Resilience: the ability/ capacity to adapt to changes as well as recover from or deal with challenges, difficulties and risks Sustainability: is a complex phenomenon of engaging in http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
128083REMODELLING THE LOCAL DOMESTIC TOURISM MARKET IN SOUTH AFRICA WITHIN A COVID-19 ENVIRONMENT2022The novel coronavirus pandemic of the year 2019 (COVID-19) may be considered as the most significant disruptive event for human travel since the Second World War. The worldwide viral outbreak brought the modern global order, and travel as we know it, to a complete standstill. There is much evidence that the impact and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic will be unprecedented, and that this recovery will be both different and transformative for the collective tourism industry. This especially from a product (supply) point of view given the renewed attempts to increase tourists (demand) to destinations, attractions and sites given the prevailing COVID-19 rules and restrictions imposed throughout both the global North as well as the global South. While it is difficult to speculate at this stage what precisely the aftermath of COVID-19 will be on the travel industry, at a local, regional, national, continental and international level, even more than before, governments, private authorities, grassroots communities as well as non-governmental stakeholders need to reconsider the shape and form of the tourism product in order to revive this ailing industry.ReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-1032022/06/22 06:33:24FINAL REPORT REMODELLING THE LOCAL DOMESTIC TOURISM MARKET IN SOUTH AFRICA WITHIN A COVID-19 ENVIRONMENT i TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE Executive summary http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
137208The Impact of Covid-19 on the Tourism-transport Interface in South AfricaProf Berendien Lubbe Dr Joachim Vermooten2021The overall aim of the study is to explore the impact of COVID-19 on the Tourism-Transport Interface in South Africa with a view to proposing a scenario where this relationship might create opportunities for tourism to prosper post COVID-19. The research followed a three-step process beginning with a systematic description, based on literature and secondary data, of the overall tourism/transport interface and the modes of transport, with particular reference to air and road transport. Thereafter interviews with senior stakeholders in the airline, bus/coach and car rental industries were conducted. The third step in the research method was to conduct scenario planning workshops with leaders in the aviation (completed), car rental (completed) and coach/bus travel (pending) sectors. While history has had a strong influence on modal choice for tourism purposes in South Africa, current pre-COVID challenges in the transport sector such as consumer behavior, transport policies and regulations, infrastructure and resource limitations are affecting international, regional and domestic tourism.University of PretoriaReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-5http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/The%20Impact%20of%20COVID-19%20on%20the%20Tourism-Transport%20Interface%20in%20South%20Africa.pptxPresentation2021/05/17 12:36:38THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE TOURISMTRANSPORT INTERFACE IN SOUTH AFRICA The research project focusses on the interface between tourism and transport, with specific reference to http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
137245An Assessment of Visitor Profiles, Consumption Patterns and Perceptions as well as the State of Coastal and Marine TourismDinolen Gounden2021Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT) is the main sub-sector of tourism and has substantial socioeconomic and environmental importance. Specifically, CMT is a key economic contributor as well as creating opportunities for social recreational and leisure experiences and promoting conservation and environmental awareness concerning coastal and marine natural resources. However, there are increasing demands on CMT locations that include increases in visitor numbers, residential and business/ industrial demand, natural resource extraction activities, and conservation imperatives. Understanding and balancing these demands are central to sustainable CMT in South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal (with its mild climate and more than 600 km coastline with diverse coastal and marine resources and activities) is South Africa’s key CMT destination. There is limited research that undertakes provincial level analyses that focus on demands and impacts. In this context, this study adopts the drivers, pressures, state, impact and response (DPSIR) framework to examine visitor profiles, consumption of coastal and marine activities, and perceptions of CMT locations in 41 selected beaches along KwaZulu-Natal's coastline.University of KwaZulu-NatalDissertationN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-692021/04/09 12:10:29AN ASSESSMENT OF VISITOR PROFILES, CONSUMPTION PATTERNS AND PERCEPTIONS AS WELL AS THE STATE OF COASTAL AND MARINE TOURISM (SPECIFICALLY BEACH) SITES IN KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCE http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
137410The Impact of COVID-19 on Tourism Sector Demand and Supply in South Africa2021In common with the rest of the world, the tourism sector of South Africa experienced the radical impacts of COVID-19. The magnitude of the pandemic will reshape existing patterns of tourism demand and supply which need to be understood and researched for designing appropriate policy interventions. Little knowledge exists to understand how COVID-19 has affected the supply and demand of tourism products in South Africa. It is against the background of the rolling COVID-19 pandemic, its devastating impacts for tourism and of initiatives for re-igniting demand focused on domestic tourism that this research was undertaken. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of COVID-19 on the demand and supply of tourism products, with a view to propose interventions to meet the needs of tourists, particularly domestic tourists, post COVID-19 through an approach of undertaking case studies of local destinations offering a different mix of tourism products. The research involved a demand-side and supply-side analysis. The demand-side involved a desk top review of existing international literature relating to COVID-19 and consumer travel intentions. The supply-side of the research was done through the approach/lens of undertaking case studies of local destinations each of which offers a differing mix of tourism products and thus of challenges/opportunities. From the demand-side and supply-side analysis the results from this investigation point to a total of 13 policy recommendations for the Department of Tourism in addressing the impact of COVID-19 on changing tourism demand and supply.University of JohannesburgReportN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-6http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/SeminarDocs/The%20Impact%20of%20COVID-19%20on%20Tourism%20Sector%20Demand%20and%20Supply.pptxPresentation2021/03/31 12:32:04The Impact of COVID-19 on Tourism Sector Demand and Supply in South Africa AIEST… International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic is the http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf
120146Investigating South African Inbound Tour Operator Participation in Sustainable Tourism PracticesIgnatius Ludolph Steyn2020University of PretoriaDissertationN4FUYHAX2DSF-245590710-942021/06/08 09:03:19 INVESTIGATING SOUTH AFRICAN INBOUND TOUR OPERATOR PARTICIPATION IN SUSTAINABLE TOURISM PRACTICES by Mr Ignatius Ludolph Steyn 13072278 Submitted in partial fulfilment of the http://sp19prd01:8100/ResearchRepo/Shared Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspxpdfFalsepdf